A concrete mixture ratio of 1 part cement, 3 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate will produce a concrete mix of approximately 3000 psi. Mixing water with the cement, sand, and stone will form a paste that will bind the materials together until the mix hardens.

The basic requirements for the design of concrete mix ratio are: 1, meet the strength grade of concrete design. 2, meet the concrete peaceability. 3, meet the durability of the use of concrete. 4, meet the above conditions to save cement and reduce the cost of concrete. The strength of concrete is divided into twelve grades, such as C7.5, C10, C15, C20, C25, C30, C35, C40, C45, C50, C55, C60 and so on.

The correct ratio is 1:2:3 = cement, sand , gravel. 1 bucket cement to 2 buckets sand to 3 (or more) buckets of gravel + water . For 1 cM^3 , take half cubic meter of cement and one cubic meter of sand (fine aggregate) and 1.5 cubic meters of gravel (rough aggregate) +water.

Concrete mix design is the process of finding the proportions of concrete mix in terms of ratios of cement, sand and coarse aggregates. For e.g., a concrete mix of proportions 1:2:4 means that cement, fine and coarse aggregate are in the ratio 1:2:4 or the mix contains one part of cement, two parts of fine aggregate and four parts of coarse ...

(1 cement - 6 aggregate, by weight, 0.60 water - cement ratio). In some literature the required grade of concrete is noted by the proportions of cement - sand - stone, so called nominal mixes rather than the compressive strength. Therefore some common nominal mixes have been included in Table 3.12.

C40 concrete is a strong commercial grade concrete mix most commonly used in the construction of structural and support beams, footings and foundations, roadworks, and in agricultural use. Ideal for: Foundations for septic tanks, paving HGV parks and agricultural yards.

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